Uncommon Causes of Facial Paralysis
Common causes of facial paralysis include Bell’s palsy, Moebius syndrome, and trauma associated with a prior cosmetic or medical procedure. In rare instances, facial paralysis may occur due to any of the following reasons:
1. Lyme Disease
According to UT Southwestern Medical Center, roughly 11% of patients diagnosed with Lyme disease experience facial paralysis symptoms. Additionally, in a study published in Canadian Family Physician, researchers found that idiopathic Bell’s palsy can occur in combination with Lyme disease.
2. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
A study published in Minerva Medica revealed the nervous system is impacted at different stages of an HIV infection. It also showed that there may be a link between an HIV infection and idiopathic peripheral facial nerve palsy.
3. Ear Infection
An Acta Oto-Laryngologica study was used to evaluate 20 patients dealing with inner ear and facial nerve complications. In the study, seven patients experienced inner ear problems and facial paralysis.
4. Infectious Mononucleosis
Researchers evaluated three young adults with Bell’s palsy as part of a study published in The Lancet. They found that unilateral facial paralysis may occur in combination with mono as a variant of idiopathic facial diplegia and Guillain-Barré syndrome.
5. Tumor Removal
The surgical removal of an acoustic neuroma, schwannoma, and other types of tumors may inadvertently lead to facial paralysis after treatment.
How to Treat Facial Paralysis
The best way to treat facial paralysis varies based on the patient, the severity of their facial paralysis, and other factors. Common facial paralysis treatments include:
- Botox: Involves the use of an injectable prescription to improve facial symmetry and reduce facial paralysis symptoms
- Physical Therapy: Requires a patient to work with a physical therapist to learn how to perform exercises designed to increase facial muscle strength and coordination
- Masseter to Nerve Facial Transfer: Connects the masseteric and facial nerves to restore the facial muscle function
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Learn More About Facial Paralysis Treatment
Dr. Babak Azizzadeh is a globally recognized facial plastic and reconstructive surgeon, and he is available to help patients coping with facial paralysis. To learn more or to schedule a consultation with Dr. Azizzadeh, please contact The Facial Paralysis Institute online or call us today at (310) 657-2203.
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